Incoming & Outgoing Tour Operator


The Mithraeum of Circus Maximus

 

The Mithraeum of Circus Maximus was discovered in the 30s of the last century during the works to build the deposit for the sets ands costumes of the Teatro dell'Opera. It is a place of cult dedicated to the god Mithras, a deity Iranica origin, who had a great diffusion in Rome, especially among the second and third century A.D.
The sanctuary was built in the late third century, renovating and adapting the ground floor of an existing bruck building whose function is probably to be reconneccted to the nearby Circus Maximus.
The original entrance facing into the Circus Maximus, but the most important room of the temple : the "spaeleum" (cave) was hidden away in the view of passersby. After crossing the room of "apparitorium" a sort of sacristy where they kept the simulacrums and robes of the officiants, we enter in the hearth of the story of the myth: the killing of the bull by Mithras in a cave (tauroctony). This sacrifice was connected to the origin of the life and of the universe: they followers to worship, lying down on the counters of the main room, they ate bread, wine and food sacrificed in a community feast.
The scene of tauroctony is represented, in various art forms, in many mithraea found in Rome and in other provinces of the Empire. Here it is revived in two surveys: one still maintains traces of paint, the second - very large - still shows the inscription with the dedication of the deity by an initiate.